Hosting Glossary

Last Updated 5/25/2017

ASP.NET

ASP.NET is a web application framework marketed by Microsoft that programmers can use to build dynamic web sites, web applications and XML web services. It is part of Microsoft's .NET platform and is the successor to Microsoft's Active Server Pages (ASP) technology. ASP.NET is built on the Common Language Runtime, allowing programmers to write ASP.NET code using any Microsoft .NET language.

Bandwidth

Bandwidth is used to describe the amount of data that can be transferred to or from the website or server, measured in bytes transferred over a prescribed period of time. This can be more accurately described as "Monthly Data Transfer."

Colocation web hosting service

A Colocation web hosting service is similar to the dedicated web hosting service, but the user owns the colo server; the hosting company provides physical space that the server takes up and takes care of the server. This is the most powerful and expensive type of the web hosting service.

Control Panel

You could use a Control Panel for managing the Web server and installing scripts as well as other services like e-mail.

Database

A computer database is a structured collection of records or data that is stored in a computer system so that a computer program or person using a query language can consult it to answer queries.

Data Transfer

Dedicated hosting service

A dedicated hosting service, dedicated server, or managed hosting service is a type of Internet hosting where the client leases an entire server not shared with anyone. This is more flexible than shared hosting, as organizations have full control over the server(s), including choice of operating system, hardware, etc.

Domain name

The term Domain name is a name that identifies a computer or computers on the internet. These names appear as a component of a Web site's URL, e.g. windowshostingasp.net.

E-commerce

E-commerce (Electronic commerce) of the buying and selling of products or services over electronic systems such as the Internet and other computer networks.

Firewall

A firewall is a hardware or software device which is configured to permit or deny proxy data through a computer network which has different levels of trust.

Free web hosting service

Free web hosting service is free, (sometimes) advertisement-supported web hosting, and is often limited when compared to paid hosting.

FrontPage

Microsoft FrontPage is a WYSIWYG HTML editor and web site administration tool from Microsoft for the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems.

FrontPage Server Extensions

FrontPage Server Extensions is a software technology that allows Microsoft FrontPage clients to communicate with web servers, and provide additional functionality intended for websites. Frequent security problems have marked the history of this Microsoft proprietary technology.

FTP

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is used to transfer data from one computer to another over the Internet, or through a network.

HTML

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the predominant markup language for web pages. It provides a means to describe the structure of text-based information in a document.

Hyper-V

Hyper-V is a hypervisor-based technology that is a key feature of Windows Server 2008. It provides a scalable, reliable, and highly available virtualization platform. Hyper-V supports isolation in terms of a partition. A partition is a logical unit of isolation, supported by the hypervisor, in which operating systems execute. A hypervisor instance has to have at least one parent partition, running Windows Server 2008. The virtualization stack runs in the parent partition and has direct access to the hardware devices. The parent partition then creates the child partitions which host the guest OSs. A parent partition creates child partitions using the hypercall API, which is the application programming interface exposed by Hyper-V.

IMAP

The IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) is an application layer Internet protocol operating on port 143 that allows a local client to access e-mail on a remote server.

IP address

An IP address (Internet Protocol address) is a unique address that certain electronic devices use in order to identify and communicate with each other on a computer network utilizing the Internet Protocol standard (IP).

ISP

An ISP (Internet service provider) is a business or organization that provides consumers or businesses access to the Internet and related services.

Merchant account

A merchant account is a specialized bank account that allows a business to accept credit cards (primarily Visa and Mastercard), debit cards, gift cards and other forms of payment cards. This is also known as payment processing, credit card processing or merchant card processing.

Microsoft Access

Microsoft Access is a relational database management system from Microsoft which combines the relational Microsoft Jet Database Engine with a graphical user interface and software development tools.

MS SQL

MS SQL (Microsoft SQL Server) is a relational database management system (RDBMS) produced by Microsoft. Its primary query language is Transact-SQL, an implementation of the ANSI/ISO standard Structured Query Language (SQL) used by both Microsoft and Sybase.

MySQL

MySQL is a multithreaded, multi-user SQL database management system.

Payment gateway

A payment gateway is an e-commerce application service provider service that authorizes payments for e-businesses and online retailers. Payment gateways encrypt sensitive information, such as credit card numbers, to ensure that information passes securely between the customer and the merchant.

POP3

E-mail clients use the Post Office Protocol version 3 (POP3), an application-layer Internet standard protocol, to retrieve e-mail from a remote server over a TCP/IP connection.

Reseller web hosting

Reseller web hosting allows clients to become web hosts themselves. Resellers could function, for individual domains, under any combination of these listed types of hosting, depending on who they are affiliated with as a provider. Resellers' accounts may vary tremendously in size: they may have their own virtual dedicated server to a colocated server.

Server

A server is an application or device that performs services for connected clients as part of a client-server architecture. Server computers are devices designed to run such an application or applications, often for extended periods of time with minimal human direction.

Shared web hosting service

Shared web hosting service is when one's Web site is placed on the same server as many other sites, ranging from a few to hundreds or thousands. Typically, all domains may share a common pool of server resources, such as RAM and the CPU. A shared website may be hosted with a reseller.

Shopping cart software

Shopping cart software is software used in e-commerce to assist people making purchases online. The software allows online shopping customers to place items in the cart. Upon checkout, the software typically calculates a total for the order, including shipping and handling (i.e. postage and packing) charges and the associated taxes, as applicable.

SMTP

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is a standard for e-mail transmissions across the Internet. SMTP is a relatively simple, text-based protocol, in which one or more recipients of a message are specified (and in most cases verified to exist) along with the message text and possibly other encoded objects.

SSL

SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) is cryptographic protocol that provide secure communications on the Internet for such things as web browsing, e-mail, Internet faxing, instant messaging and other data transfers.

Static IP Address

When a computer uses the same IP address every time it connects to the network, it is known as a Static IP address.

Subdomain

A subdomain is a domain that is part of a larger domain. For example, "windowshostingasp.net" is a subdomain of the "net" top-level domain (TLD) while "www.windowshostingasp.net" is a service in the domain "windowshostingasp.net".

Uptime

Hosting uptime refers to the percentage of time the host is accessible via the internet.

Virtual Private Server (VPS)

A Virtual Private Server (VPS , also referred to us as Virtual Dedicated Server) is a method of partitioning a physical server computer into multiple servers that each has the appearance and capabilities of running on its own dedicated machine. Each virtual server can run its own full-fledged operating system, and each server can be independently rebooted.

WAP

WAP (Wireless Application Protocol) is an open international standard for applications that use wireless communication.

Web analytics

Web analytics is the study of the behaviour of website visitors. Web analytics especially refers to the use of data collected from a web site to determine which aspects of the website work towards the business objectives; for example, which landing pages encourage people to make a purchase.

Web Hosting Service

A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to provide their own websites accessible via the World Wide Web.

Web Page

A Web page is a resource of information that is suitable for the World Wide Web and can be accessed through a web browser. This information is usually in HTML or XHTML format, and may provide navigation to other web pages via hypertext links.

Windows Cloud Hosting

Windows Cloud Hosting allows customers to use powerful, scalable and reliable Web hosting based on clustered load-balanced servers and utility billing. Removing single-point of failures and allowing customers to pay for only what they use versus what they could use.